Continental power sector becoming a priority
CAPE TOWN – Energy policy is fast gaining ground in African, as an important focus area for the continent’s development.
Noor Kapdi, managing partner at Dentons South Africa, reveals that after years of it not being a priority. Energy policy is starting to move to center-stage in Africa.
“The opportunities and the challenges in the African power sector are unmatched in any other part of the world. There are some potential game-changers in the sector, but it is important to get a sense of the scale and scope of the issues involved.”
African economies have experienced economic growth that surpasses other regions. In order to ensure the sustainability of this growth, African governments need to prioritise the establishment of reliable and affordable electricity as a necessity for economic development and poverty reduction, says Kapdi.
According to industry experts, energy in Africa describes energy production, consumption and import in Africa.
Sadly though, power utilities are generally viewed as sites of political patronage and as vehicles for corruption.
At present, most African countries do not permit private entities to construct or operate grid infrastructure.
“Various countries have however undergone or plan to undergo significant reforms by restructuring, unbundling and privatising existing utilities,” continues Kapdi. “The unbundling of utilities has already resulted in increased private sector participation in the sector.”
Further opportunities for off-grid and mini-grid power generation are created by the poor grid infrastructure and long distances between which that electricity needs to be distributed. To deal with this issue, it may be worth considering private participation in the construction and operation of grid infrastructure.
Due to its energy “tetralemma” – the combined requirement of an electricity-generating technology that provides security of supply, equity and affordability, sustainability, and is able to come online quickly – Africa is at the forefront of creating a unique hybrid energy supply system.
This tetralemma demands the creation of more resilient and diverse systems than those designed decades or centuries ago in other regions,” Kapdi notes.
“Renewable energy technologies offer two key advantages in Africa – speed and decentralisations – as they can operate both on-grid and off-grid. Impressive statistics on renewable energy potential – especially solar – are already available.”
Global research accounts that historically, energy infrastructure in African countries were tailored to suit the needs of the extractive sector.
This means that the transmission infrastructure was not built to benefit the local communities.
Today the extractive sectors continue to contribute to a significant portion of African countries’.
And they continue to be priorities with regard to energy infrastructure.
However, the lack of access to power directly influences the African attempts at economy diversification, says Kapdi.
The African Progress Panel envisages a system where the grid still plays a significant role.
But, supported by off-grid households and mini-grid communities where appropriate. And supplemented by a cross-border super grid.
“As lessons are learnt and best practice is developed in the African context, the African power deficit will continue to decrease,” says Kapdi.
The World Bank says that at least 32 nations on the continent are in an energy crisis.
Also found is that energy use and development varies widely across the continent.
With some African countries exporting energy to neighbours or the global market.
While other countries still lack basic infrastructures or systems to acquire energy.
Economists have previously remarked that energy development has not kept pace with rising demand in developing regions.
This, they say, placed a large strain on the continent’s existing resources over the first decade of the new century.
And Africa was still feeling the effects of this strain.